1967 – Grace Hopper is recalled back into active duty in the US Navy to develop the COBOL programming language.
Born in 1906, Hopper was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark 1 computer and championed the idea of machine independent languages. She joined the Navy reserves in 1940 and becan her computing career in 1944. After developing on other systems she came to the idea that computers could be programmed with English terms which gave rise to the COBOL programming language. Hopper retired in 1966 only to be recalled a year later to make the COBOL compiler a reality.
1977 – Radio Shack announces the TRS-80 computer.
One of the earliest home computers, the TRS-80 Model 1 came with a built in BASIC interpreter, cassette tape storage and 4KB of RAM. This popular personal computer was one of the first to not come in kit form.
1950 – Steve Wozniak is born on the 11th.
The technical talent behind Apple, “Woz” developed the very first single board computer that was the Apple 1. Wozniak’s sense of mischief was a factor that led him to develop devices like the Blue Box, a TV signal jammer besides the serious business of a mass-produced line of Apple computers.
1995 – Microsoft ships Windows 95.
Windows 95 was a big shift in the way we used our computers. Apple already had the Macintosh system that was similar but not close enough to support the claim of infringing the look and feel of it’s own operating system. Windows 95 was one of the most publicised product launches of all time and as a result exceeded sales expectations.
1991 – Linux is announced 28 years ago.
Linux Torvalds posted to Minix user newsgroups that he had been working on a new operating system on August 25 1991 and it was nearing completion. Originally called Freex (Free Unix) Linux has grown over the years to be one of the most popular class of operating systems for servers, routers and other devices that power a large part of the internet and has lent its DNA to other systems like Android, iOS, Mac OS and more recently is becoming a big part of Windows 10.